The first thing to make clear about the preoperative term that we are going to analyze is that it is a neologism formed from the sum of several components of Latin:
• The prefix “pre-”, which means “before”.
• The verb "operai", which can be translated as "doing a job".
• The suffix “-torium”, which is used to indicate that it contributes to a certain effect.
The concept of preoperative It is used in the field of medicine and allows you to name what takes place in the stages prior to a surgical operation . Typically, before a intervention , the patient must meet certain requirements and respect the doctor's instructions so that the operation Have a better chance of success.
He preoperative analysis It usually begins with an evaluation of the patient, reviewing his medical history. Sometimes the person She is already admitted to the health center before the operation (for example, because of an accident), so it is likely that certain tests have been performed before. In other cases, the individual is just approaching the hospital to be intervened, which causes preoperative studies to be carried out at that time.
The intention is to evaluate how the patient will react to the anesthesia and to the pressures to which your organism will be subjected by the surgical intervention. In some cases, they are supplied in the preoperative period. antibiotics To avoid possible infections.
Although each preoperative varies according to the operation in question and the severity of the patient, the tests usually include blood and urine tests, control of Pressure, electrocardiogram and taking of radiographic plates.
In the same way, we must not forget that there is also what is known as preoperative fasting. As its name implies, it is that before an operation, the time determined by the doctors, the person who is going to undergo it does not take any type of food. And it is the way that complications can not occur very harmful to health because of anesthesia.
Specifically, it is customary for the corresponding rules to be followed with respect to the aforementioned preoperative fasting:
• The patient should not take any type of meat, fried or fat during what would be eight hours before the so-called anesthetic induction is applied.
• In the same way, you have to keep in mind that you can only drink liquids, mainly water, up to two hours before that.
• It is also established that six hours before anesthesia can take as much toast.
Appearance psychological It is also important in the preoperative. The doctor must contain the person who is about to undergo the operation, providing all the necessary information to satisfy their doubts and reduce the fear or concern that are inevitable before the intervention.
That preoperative stress usually appears in many patients. Therefore, it is necessary to have the aforementioned psychological help because, in addition to the above, it will contribute to lower muscle tension, to improve the state of the immune system or to achieve a faster recovery.
It is likely that during the preoperative period, many members of the surgery team ask the same questions to the patient, to make sure they have all the information that guarantees a successful operation. This may be somewhat annoying for some, but it is important to remain calm and understand the purpose of such interrogation; On the other hand, for some patients there is something relaxing in that kind of symphony that unfolds around them until anesthesia completes their work and they completely lose consciousness to, in the best case, wake up renewed.
Before an operation, a patient must meet with their surgeon or primary care physician to carry out the preoperative check-up and, in some cases, this may occur within the month prior to the intervention. Professionals should check the Health of the person in recent years to know how to deal with a potential complication that takes place while the latter does not enjoy consciousness. One of the most important points in this aspect is the history of allergies.
In addition to meeting with a doctor during the preoperative period, some hospitals ask future surgery patients to meet with the nursing staff the week before the intervention, to answer another series of questions about their health. Just as in the first visit certain exams physical, in this case it is likely that additional tests are required.
The anesthesiologist is another essential professional during an operation and the preoperative may include a meeting with him. Finally, depending on certain conditions, the surgeon is likely to request the opinion of the following specialists:
* a cardiologist, for patients over 55, smokers, with a history of heart problems, with diabetes or hypertension, or even for those who do not have a good physical condition;
* a diabetologist, in case of diabetes or having obtained a high level of sugar in the examination of the preoperative consultation;
* a hematologist, for patients who have had blood clots of blood.