The bulimia It is a word of Latin origin (bulimia), which in turn derives from the Greek. The term refers to someone who feels a exaggerated desire to eat , without being able to satisfy his appetite. The concept is used in the medicine and in the psychology , Since the bulimia nervosa is a mental disorder related to food .
The person who suffers from bulimia eats compulsively, bingeing. After this behavior, the subject feels guilty. That is why it is common for compulsive meals to be followed by stages where the patient refuses to eat food or fasts.
Although the type of food consumed in binge eating is usually varied, bulimics tend to opt for sweets and the high calorie foods . Individuals with this disorder feel shame for their behavior and try to hide or hide the symptoms.
Those affected by bulimia also develop behaviors that try to compensate for binge eating but are very harmful. In this way, they can make yourself vomit after each meal to expel food and not gain weight. When vomiting, the bulimic no longer feels discomfort or fear of gaining weight, which enables him to eat again and to restart the cycle.
This eating disorder that we are addressing has become one of the great evils for many women, and also for men although to a lesser extent, right now. For this reason, a series of studies have been undertaken and continue to be undertaken to determine its causes and effects as well as the various existing treatments.
With respect to the first issue, that of the causes, it should be stressed that these can be basically of three types: biological, psychological and social. Among the first are facts such as genetic predisposition, hormonal disorders or that a person who is overweight undergo strict diets that all they do is create much greater anxiety.
From the psychological point of view the most frequent causes that cause a person to suffer from bulimia are the affective problems that may exist in the environment, being going through depression, the pressure that can be felt by being physically perfect or the contempt that Feel both by the environment and by itself.
However, in social matters, the facts that can lead someone to suffer from this eating disorder are the association of thinness with success and fame, the need to feel loved and admired by those around them or the desire to integrate and be part of a group .
Among the direct and indirect effects of bulimia, are the dehydration , the appearance of dental cavities , the changes in the menstrual cycle and the hair loss . The treatment of this disorder should be indicated by a psychiatrist.
Psychotherapy and drugs are the two most frequent treatments that exist to treat bulimia, a disorder that is often confused with anorexia. However, it should be stressed that while this is manifested by an excessive way of eating, the second is defined because it is the abnormal lack of desire to feed.