Even the Greek must leave to find the etymological origin of the term prophylaxis that now concerns us. Specifically, we can say that it emanates from "prophylaxis", which can be translated as "prevention" and is composed of three distinct parts:
-The prefix “pro-”, which means “before”.
-The word "phylax", which is equivalent to "guardian".
-The suffix "-sis", which is used to indicate "action".
It is known as prophylaxis to what is carried out or used to to prevent the appearance of a disease or the emergence of a infection . The prophylactic medicine , in this sense, is the branch of the medicine It is oriented towards prevention.
Prophylaxis, therefore, can develop from the performance of a doctor . The specialist is responsible for providing advice, suggests measures and tries to raise awareness patients to reduce the chance of getting sick. In case the patient is already sick, the healing medicine .
It is important to keep in mind, however, that this distinction is more theoretical what a practice The doctor usually exercises both specialties simultaneously, since his actions tend, at least, to prevent an aggravation of a picture.
Prophylactic medicine begins from the field of public health . He State You must work on awareness campaigns to educate the population and get people to act responsibly. For example: to prevent the spread of an epidemic of anger , the government should ask people to boil water before drinking it, remind them of the importance of hand washing, etc.
Within the scope of medicine, there is also what is called antibiotic prophylaxis, which consists in the use of certain drugs, specifically antibiotics, with the purpose of preventing certain diseases from appearing or having existing ones under control.
Those who suffer from coagulation problems, for example, encounter the possibility of using several types of prophylaxis:
-Primary, which is the one that is performed continuously before the second hemorrhage.
-Secondary, the treatment that begins after two or more hemorrhages and before the disease appears.
-Terciaria, which takes place when the pathology has appeared and is responsible for preventing it from progressing.
The prophylactic In short, it is what allows reducing the risk of contracting a disease. As a noun, prophylactic is synonymous with preservative or condom , the latex sheath that is used to cover the penis during an intimate relationship and, thus, minimizes the risk of transmission of sexually transmitted diseases.
The chemoprophylaxis Finally, it involves the use of drugs to prevent the emergence of certain diseases.
We cannot overlook either that the term at hand is used within the field of chess with another meaning. Exactly in this game it is used to be able to define the whole set of plays that a person makes on the board with the aim of not only improving the position in the board but also preventing the opponent from doing the same with his own.
The Spanish opening is one of the best known prophylactic plays and used by great masters of that sport, such as Gari Kásparov, Anatoli Kárpov and Mikhail Tal.