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The concept of region (from Latin royal) refers to a portion of territory determined by certain common characteristics or special circumstances, such as weather, topography or the form of government .

A region is also a territorial division , defined by geographical, historical and social issues, which has several subdivisions, such as departments, provinces, cities and others.

An administrative region is a regional division organized by the National state to facilitate the administration and governance of a country . These regions have an artificial origin, provided by law, beyond the division taking into account geographical or cultural criteria.

In the same way, we cannot ignore the existence of what is known as a cultural region that is the one that originates, as time goes by, as a concrete territory assumes a culture (historical, sociological, linguistic, environmental ...) which implies a clear differentiation with other nearby regions. This means that they are increasingly moving away from them and an isolation is established that gives rise to this type of region mentioned.

As clear examples of this case, we find the cultural region of Wales in the United Kingdom or the province of Quebec in Canada.

And all this without forgetting that there are also other types of regions such as historical, social or urban. In the first case one of the clearest examples can be found in Spain where there are historical regions such as Catalonia or Galicia.

It is known as natural region to the type of region that is determined by physical geography. In these cases, what is taken into account to raise the division is the relief, vegetation, hydrography and other factors.

In Argentina For example, one of the most important regions is the Pampas region or Pampas plain , which has an area of ​​about 600,000 square kilometers. It is a plain that, towards the west, has undulations and becomes staggered.

For the zoology , the regions are each of the parts into which the body of animals can be divided abroad. In this way, it is possible to determine the site, extent and relationships of the different organs.

Finally, it should be noted that, in the fictional world created by the writer J.R.R. Tolkien , he Region Forest It is a sector of Doriath Kingdom .

However, within this mythical literary saga ("The Lord of the Rings"), it is necessary to establish that a region better known as La Comarca also acts as the setting for its stories. It is located in the northern part of Middle Earth and is also part of another larger region called Eriador.

Specifically, those who live in La Comarca are the hobbits, a race of beings with characteristics similar to the human race but, among other things, it differs from this because the individuals of that one have a very short stature and huge feet.

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