A Cliff is a Geographic accident which takes the form of an abrupt slope. In this sense, it can appear along the coasts, in mountains or on the banks of rivers, for example. A cliff coast is the one that is cut vertically, while the sea cliff bottom It is the one that forms steps or cantiles.
Usually, the cliffs are formed by rocks that are resistant to erosion and atmospheric action, such as Lemonite , the sandstone , the dolomite and the limestone .
A escarpment or escarpment It is a rock slope that cuts the ground abruptly. It is a particular type of cliff, which is formed by a landslide or by the movement of a tectonic fault.
There are cliffs that have waterfalls and caves at the base. Others, on the other hand, end at the end of a ridge. On the other hand, the coastal cliffs of tabular form with large dimensions are called cliff .
It should be noted that the cliffs are used for the practice of sports risky . In the case of the coastal ones, swimmers jump from there to dive. The cliffs in mountains allow you to jump in parachutes or paragliders.
But they are not the only sports that can be practiced in them. It is also common that many passionate about outdoor activities and adventure resort to those to practice, for example, climbing. Specifically, there are different types of this discipline and among all the one known as psychobloc.
This modality is typical of the cliffs and consists of the person in question, who must be very expert in the matter, perform the same without using either ropes or insurance. Of course, it is developed in places of this type where the climber, in case of fall, does not run the risk of collapsing or hitting on rock ledges but will do so directly on the sea.
On the island of Tenerife there is a place where neighbors and visitors practice all kinds of sports activities. We are referring to the famous Cliffs of Los Gigantes, which are located between the towns of Santiago del Teide and Buenavista del Norte.
The Guanches, former Berber inhabitants of that island, called those Wall of Hell and they are characterized by the fact that they are a volcanic geological accident that has large vertical walls, specifically they are among the 300 and 600 meters above sea level.
Tourists who come to this natural corner not only enjoy observing these cliffs but also practice in their surroundings all kinds of activities such as scuba diving because the area has a spectacular seabed.
The largest cliff in the world is in the Karakorum mountain range , in Pakistan . It is the eastern wall of the Torres del Trango and has a height of 1,340 meters .
On the other hand, the largest coastal cliff is located in Kaulapapa , in Hawaii . His height is 1,010 meters .