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The madness is the deprivation of the use of reason or of good judgement . Until the end of XIX century , madness related to him rejection of established social norms . It was even common to be confused with certain disorders, such as epilepsy or bipolarity.

At present, the notion of madness is linked to a mental imbalance that manifests itself in a perception distorted of reality, the loss of self-control, hallucinations and absurd or no reason behaviors.

Madness is also related to the dementia , a term of Latin origin that means "Out of mind" . This disease It consists in the absence or loss of cognitive functions, and generally prevents the concretion of daily activities.

One of the most common cases of insanity is the Alzheimer's disease, a degenerative type disease that destroys the brain progressively and usually affects people who are over sixty-five years old. It is a terminal and incurable disorder and, once diagnosed, the patient's life expectancy does not exceed ten years.

In a different context, outside the scope of the medicine or psychoanalysis, any insanity is labeled risky, unwise action or that, due to its anomalous characteristics, generates surprise . For example: “I committed madness: I got mad at my boss and tried to hang him”, “Maria sold her house to go to the United States, but it's crazy because she doesn't have a job there or know anyone”, “Did you spend all your savings on a convertible car? What madness! ”.

Societies tend to build a series of role models covering the different stages of human development, taking into account heterosexual men and women; leaving differences aside cultural from, for example, countries like Japan, Spain and the United States, the three expect more or less the same from their inhabitants: that they are born healthy and with all their members, that they grow up without health complications, that they study a university career or that they specialize in a profitable field, get married and form a new family group, in a new house.

These paradigms are nothing other than the famous "norm", accepted as "normal", and any attitude or idea that goes beyond its limits is considered incorrect or, depending on the case, a authentic madness. Those who incur such reprehensible behaviors tend to be artists, since they live more attached to their sensitivity than the rest of the people, and are able to leave everything for their creations, to seek their place in the world, no matter what they will say, ignoring the absurd impositions or attacks by those who do not understand them.

Moreover, the expression "Madly" It is an adverbial phrase that is generally used to enhance a feeling or desire: "I love you madly", "I wish with madness that this work is mine". In this case, the idea of ​​madness is used to indicate that it is a necessity very deep, such a feeling powerful that blinds the subject, deprives him of his common sense and drives him to do anything in order not to lose it.

Finally, the phrase "crazy" It refers to events that are extraordinary or that are considered out of the ordinary. It can be used in various contexts, such as the narration of a meeting between friends with an unbridled and exciting ending, or a very happy time in a person's life, in which everything seemed to work as expected, as if it had been treated of a dream.

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