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"Paritas." This is the Latin term from which the word parity that now concerns us derives. Specifically, it is a word that is the result of the sum of two clearly differentiated parts: "even", which can be translated as "equal", and the suffix "-dad", which is equivalent to "quality".

Parity refers to the similarity , likeness or equivalence Between two or more things. For example: "The Argentine championship is a tournament of great parity among the participating teams", "They were countries of similar development, until the discovery of oil in the southern nation ended with parity", "The Spanish tennis player broke the parity when he managed to break the serve to the Swiss".

If a sports journalist mentions the parity that was noticed in a game of soccer , will be referring to the fact that none of the sets managed to establish a superiority. The level of both teams, therefore, was equal , without differences in the scoreboard. The logical thing, before a parity of this type, is that the match ends up tied.

In the field of mathematics , the parity of a number is set when this is multiple of 2 . This means that 2, 4, 6, 14, 36, 588 and 1040, to name just a few, are even numbers. The notion of parity also appears in certain functions.

In the same way, we are within the mathematical scope with the so-called "parity function". This is widely used in the investigation of the complexity of the circuits and is identified as being of the Boolean type.

In the telecommunications , parity refers to the process of entering an additional bit (known as parity bit ) at the beginning of a data transmission, something that helps to discover and solve possible errors.

Likewise, it should not be overlooked that parity is also a very important term in what are the rights of citizens. In this case it is used to refer to the fact that women also have the right to be voted in an election, with the clear objective of being able to represent the rest of their neighbors.

Hence, more and more bet to encourage that parity. That is, because in the lists of political parties for elections, women may have the same presence as men.

For this reason, many agree that the parity has become a tool to normalize the civil life of women, to achieve gender equality and, above all, to ensure that they have the same rights as men.

For the economy , parity is usually a value that allows one currency to be compared with another. Talk about purchasing power parity , on the other hand, to refer to the total of the products and services generated in a region according to the value of the currency of a nation taken as a reference.

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