District It is a term that comes from Latin districtus which, in turn, has its origin in the word distringĕre ("pull apart" ). The concept is used to name the delimitations that allow subdividing a territorial region to organize the administration, the public function and the rights of the political and civil type.
For example: “The official candidate was imposed in the most populous district of the province”, “The neighbors of the district are worried about the increase in theft cases”, "We are lucky to live in the most developed district of the city, with modern industries and quality infrastructure".
The definition of district varies according to country . In Paraguay , a district is the smallest political-administrative constituency, since it is a subdivision of a department. He Capital district It is not part of any of the Paraguayan departments: it is the national capital, Assumption .
In Peru , the districts have the same particularity regarding their political-administrative status. In this case, the districts are subdivisions of a province. In Costa Rica , the districts are third level entities according to the national political organization.
In addition to all of the above, we find the fact that there are different types of districts. Thus, in the first place, we can talk about what is known as electoral districts that are those divisions that take place within a country on the occasion of the elections that take place there.
A clear example is the sixty districts into which Chile is divided for the holding of the said elections. Thus, it is established that each of those must elect two deputies and two senators to represent them and be part of the National Congress.
On the other hand, we cannot ignore the talk of what is known as municipal districts, which are those parts into which a city or municipality is divided simply by mere administration issues. In the case of Spain, for example, it is established that the provincial capitals of more than 175,000 inhabitants, the municipalities that exceed 250,000 neighbors and also the capitals of the autonomous communities with more than 175,000 inhabitants will have this type of district.
However, it is also determined that all those cities with more than 75,000 residents may decide to count on municipal districts, so that their municipalities decide, taking into account certain important factors.
In this way, we find as examples of cities with districts of this category to Alcalá de Henares, Barcelona, Granada, Madrid, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Seville, Granada or Jerez de la Frontera, among others.
It is known as federal District , on the other hand, to the space that is directed by a State sovereign and federal, but not part of any province or other subdivision of said federation. This means that the central State has exclusive and direct jurisdiction over the federal district, although it usually delegates certain functions to a government regional.
He Federal District of Mexico , also know as Mexico DF. or Mexico City , It is the capital of Mexico and head of the various federal powers of the country, constituting the most populated urban agglomeration in America.