A lie is a expression what It is contrary to what is known, thought or believed . The term is often used in opposition to what is considered as a true. The lie, therefore, implies a falsehood .
For example: "The defendant said it is a lie that he has a house in Miami valued at two million dollars", "I will never forgive you this lie", "Marcos had to tell his mother a lie so he wouldn't worry about him".
Whoever pronounces a lie expects the other to take his words truthfully. In this way, the person who lies knows that he is incurring something fallacious, but his interlocutor may not warn him. That's why we talk about discovery of a lie when the other subject notices that he has been deceived.
Let's look at an example situation: a boy who breaks a window in his house with a ball tells his mother that the accident was caused by a stone that someone threw from the street; the mother first believes in the lie, but later discovers a piece of glass embedded in the little boy's ball, who ends up confessing his responsibility .
A lie can be realized even without speaking. A soccer player who simulates having received a kick can roll in the grass as if he felt great pain in his leg, although in reality Just lying for the referee to expel one of his rivals.
It is known as reasonable lie to one declaration which is false but has a benevolent intention. While it is not a practice well seen by all, it can prevent a wound in situations in which the truthfulness of our words does not have a great weight.
The black swan lie
In 2010, a psychological thriller directed by Darren Aronofsky and starring Natalie Portman, Mila Kunis, Vincent Cassel and Winona Ryder was published. The story focuses on the experiences of the character played by Portman: a young classical dancer who must face diverse and dangerous pressures, many of which are typical of the field of academic art.
Throughout the film, many dance scenes are exposed, some of which show great skill and reproduce iconic moments of the play "Swan Lake"by Piotr Ilich Chaikovski. While the main actress spent about a year and a half training and adapting her body to play her role in the most convincing way possible, ballet is one of the most disciplines difficult and claimants of the world, for which the team hired from the beginning of filming Sarah Lane, a professional dancer, to make her double.
Sarah Lane works as a soloist for the American Ballet Theater company, located in New York, and has been dedicated to ballet since she was four years old. It was chosen as a double by Natalie Portman because they share certain physical characteristics, which would facilitate the necessary edition to generate the illusion that the actress had made all the shots.
Hard to believe it seems, Aronofsky and his team fed the idea that Portman had done about 90% of the dance scenes, and that Lane's participation had been minimal. The lie, which actually brushes the limits of absurdity and ridicule, served as strategy to get the judges of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (which has awarded the Oscar award since 1929) infallibly fall in love with the actress' work, believing her capable of becoming a ballet dancer in 18 months. The fact that Portman has won the Oscar for this role can be considered proof that the fraud has paid off.
According to Lane, his need to expose this lie was not born for believing that he would not have received the merit that corresponded to him, but for the love of art, to his art, and out of respect to all true dancers, who must dedicate their entire lives to perfect their technique and find themselves before stepping on a stage and dazzling an audience, not with special effects, but with the result of a genuine and tangible effort.