A airport is a station or terminal located on flat land that has tracks, facilities and services for aircraft traffic . Airports allow the take-off and landing of passenger or cargo aircraft, in addition to providing fuel and maintenance.
The most important airports have several paved runways of more than one kilometer in length, auxiliary streets, warehouses, maintenance hangars, boarding terminals and platforms Parking There are, however, smaller airports whose runways have been delimited on the land itself.
He area control center It is one of the most important sectors of an airport. There they perform air traffic controllers , which must direct and manage the movement of aircraft to avoid crashes and other accidents .
The construction of an airport is complex and must address various factors. The meteorological conditions of the region in which they are located are decisive since the airplanes must take particular care with the winds at the time of taking off or landing. It is common for airports to be built away from urban centers, for reasons of security.
Beyond the safety of traffic air itself (to prevent planes from colliding or rushing to the ground), airports must address other issues, especially with regard to passenger movement. After the attacks of September 11, 2001 , airport security has been considerably strengthened to prevent new terrorist groups from taking over airplanes in flight and using them as weapons. Baggage control has also become more strict and meticulous, with new and more advanced detectors that analyze in detail the content of the suitcases.
World's most advanced airports
Kansai International Airport, Osaka (Japan)
As is often the case with Japanese creations, this airport surprises from the beginning with the ingenuity and the peculiar use of the resources that were necessary for its construction, since it is held on an artificial island, communicated with land through a bridge 3 kilometers long.
his technology Earthquake provides the structure with a much needed degree of security in the country of the rising sun, so often punished by nature and forced to rebuild. During the strong earthquakes of 1995 and 1998, which claimed thousands of victims and left behind regrettable damage, the airport remained intact.
Terminal T4 of Barajas, Madrid (Spain)
It is one of the largest constructions in the history of the European continent, as well as one of the most expensive. In addition, it is an airport that shows a commitment to the environment, since it promotes the saving of Energy electric through the incorporation of solar panels. The architect responsible for this creation is Richard Rogers, a native of Florence (Italy), and his work earned him the Stirling Prize.
Its construction took more than nine years and was supplied with an investment of more than 6 million euros. The terminal extends over an area greater than 785 thousand square meters and is capable of serving more than 70 million passengers. Thanks to its numerous innovations and sophisticated structures, this airport is among the most prestigious of the world.
Pudong Airport, Shanghai (China)
It was inaugurated in 1999 with the purpose of replacing the former international airport of the same city. It is a large airport, capable of accommodating more than 80 million passengers. It was created by architect Paul Andréu, originally from France.
Among the amenities offered by Pudong Airport is a train commercial which connects its terminal with the city center, which travels at a maximum speed of 431 kilometers per hour.