The etymology of clause goes back to the Latin word clause, which derives from clausus (term that can be translated as "closed" ). Clauses are the provisions that are part of a will , a contract or other type of document.
For example: "We have not signed the strategic agreement since there is a clause that does not convince me", "The contract signed by the Uruguayan player includes a clause that prevents him from playing against his former team", “The government is studying the clauses of treaty of free trade ”.
Is called penalty clause to one warranty which is included in certain contracts. Through this clause it is agreed that, if one of the parties does not comply with the contract, he must pay compensation to the other.
A abusive clause is that incorporated into a contract by imposition of one of the parties, without negotiation and causing an imbalance in the obligations and rights of each.
The idea of barrier clause appears on the ground of the politics to refer to the minimum number of votes that an electoral list must obtain in order to access representation in the legislature or in another body.
In the field of grammar and of the rhetoric On the other hand, the series of words is called a clause which, in a single sentence or in several that are closely linked to each other, can express a judgment with syntactic autonomy and complete meaning.
In other words, the clause linguistics It is the smallest portion of the speech capable of transmitting the whole idea independently, even out of context. It is the syntactic constituent (that is, one or more words that act as a unit in a hierarchical structure) independent of smaller size with the ability to express a statement with complete meaning.
Music gives this term the meaning of a piece short that was used in medieval music and was to add an interval to the voice of Gregorian chant, whether fourth, fifth or eighth, provided there is at least a couple of voices in opposite mode.
In the musical clause, to the voice from the tenor added a superior that complemented it through the use of melismas, that is, a minimum of twelve notes for each syllable of text. The composition of these parts requires an increase in speed and the writing of rhythmic designs of short duration that are repeated throughout the clause. When the upper line has a speed considerably greater than that of the tenor and it counters it, it speaks of "discanto".
At the beginning of the thirteenth century, there was an enrichment of the cadence and the clause was used mostly in the so-called Notre Dame School , a group of musicians dedicated to work in the homonymous cathedral, in Paris, as well as nearby from the end of the 12th century until the middle of the 13th century.
For the logic , clauses are expressions composed of a finite series of formulas known as literals , which are true when at least one literal is true.
After the Civil War, several amendments to the United States Constitution took place; Among them is the Fourteenth, within which we can find the Equal Protection Clause , which protects people against the denial of their rights, based on the equality of all citizens.
It is known as Butterfly clause to a model contract that has a single clause, which guarantees the right of software developers to effectively oppose that States take advantage of their creations to attempt against Human rights .