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Is called soap yet product which is used for to wash or sanitize . It is a substance that is obtained by combine the acids of a fatty body with an alkali : The result is a water soluble element.

Usually, soap is produced by combining potassium or sodium hydroxide with some lipid . This generates a chemical reaction which is called saponification and allows to obtain the potassium or sodium salt That is the soap itself.

It should be noted that a alkali It is a compound with alkaline properties that acts as a base in an aqueous solution. The lipids , meanwhile, they are organic molecules formed mainly by hydrogen and carbon that are hydrophobic (do not mix with water). When an alkali, a lipid and water combine, the saponification whose result is the obtaining of soap.

It is possible to find solid, liquid or powder soaps . Solid or tablet soap is the compound without the presence of water that is used to cause saponification. Liquid soap, on the other hand, is dissolved in the Water .

The soap is used for wash all kinds of objects and for the personal hygiene thanks to the properties of their molecules . As soap has water-soluble components and fat-soluble components, when it comes into contact with water it acquires the necessary characteristics to remove stains and drag particles from a wide variety of surfaces.

At language colloquial from Uruguay and of Argentina On the other hand, it is known as soap to a scare . For example: "When the shelf fell, I stuck a soap ...", “That dark night, in the middle of the forest, I had a barbarian soap”, “What soap you gave me! Don't come back to my room like that ”.

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