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Surely, on many occasions you have spotted on the shelf of a supermarket a product that is presented as cheese. You might even like your flavor. Now, what does this word mean and what are its characteristics? In this article, we help you unveil these mysteries.

First, it must be said that cheese is a word derived from Latin caseus. It's about a food that is obtained by the maturation of milk curd . Each cheese has specific characteristics depending on its origin or the method that allowed it to be made.

Usually cheese is a solid which is achieved based on milk curdled by mammals such as cow, sheep, goat, buffalo and camel, among others. Milk, according to experts in this field, is encouraged to curdle from a combination of rennet and a certain level of acidification . For this purpose they are used bacteria whose mission is acid milk and define the texture and taste that each cheese will have. Some may also submit molds on the internal or external surface.

The origins of the manufacturing of cheese cannot be specified, although there are those who say they date back to the years 8000 BC (when the domestication of the sheep occurs) and 3000 BC It is believed that it was discovered in Central Asia or in middle East , and that later its manufacture extended to Europe . In Roman times, there were already multiple production methods and various types of cheese.

It is worth mentioning that in ancient times, cheese was highly valued by the ease for keep it . Therefore, it was stored for times of shortage and as food for travel, thanks to its high fat content and its richness of protein, calcium and phosphorus.

Many of the current cheeses were already consumed hundreds of years ago, like the cheddar (emerged towards the year 1500 ), he Parmesan (1597 ), he gouda (1697 ) and the camembert (1791 ).

The first factory for processing industrial of cheese was installed in 1815 in Switzerland . However, scale manufacturing began to succeed in U.S . According to Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, in the year 2004 they were made on the planet over eighteen million tons of cheese .

Veganism and dairy

People tend to think that the consumption of dairy products is not related in any way to the exploitation animal and that cannot be compared with meat ingestion; But the reality is very different. The cows that are used for milk production are far from painting the typical picture of the happy farm they are trying to sell us; these animals are used as machines and, as expected, their permanence in this land is directly linked to their good performance.

As in all mammals, milk production depends on the breeding, so these cows are inseminated once a year. Nevertheless, to prevent calves from consuming more raw material than is appropriate for entrepreneurs, they are separated from their mothers as soon as possible, and sold to butchers. Similarly, when the cows reach the age of 5 or 6, they are replaced by their daughters and sent to the slaughterhouse. In nature, these animals would live up to 25 years.

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