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The term plateau , also mentioned as plateau , refers to a plateau that is one very high height and that is characterized by having an extension of importance. Typically, the high plateau is located between two mountain ranges not so old, taking into account the geological ages.

The highlands have their origin from the non-simultaneous appearance of two mountain chains that are parallel. Between both chains, once they rise, plateaus are generated by the accumulation of sediments or of volcanic type materials . These plateaus are the highlands.

He Andean highlands , for example, it develops between the Peruvian south, the Chilean north, the Bolivian west and the Argentine northwest. With an average altitude of 3,800 meters above sea level , this plateau has a transcendence from the historical point of view because it was the place of settlement of important cultures pre-Columbian .

In the Andean highlands there are several regions protected by natural relevance. The Titicaca Lake National Reserve and the Sajama National Park in Bolivia and the national parks of Llullaillaco and Lauca in Chile They are between these spaces. If we focus on the Bolivian high plateau, we can say that on that plateau there are about sixty municipalities in the departments of Potosí , Oruro and Peace .

The Las Vicuñas National Reserve, the Isluga Volcano National Park or the Eduardo Abaroa Andean Fauna National Reserve are other of the most significant enclaves of this Andean Highlands. An enclave in which, among other curiosities, we can underline that the birth of the Tiahuanaco culture, the domestic cultivation of potatoes and even the domestication of animals such as the llama were allowed.

Precisely that animal predominates in this enclave, where the most significant fauna is also composed of the field mouse, the suri, the fox, the Andean flamingo, the quirquincho or the condor.

The largest city of the Andean Highlands is none other than El Alto, which is located in the territory of Bolivia and has approximately 1,180,000 inhabitants. It belongs to the department of La Paz and is located about 4,150 meters above sea level.

He Armenian Highlands , meanwhile, extends over several regions from Turkey , Iran and Azerbaijan , in addition to the entire surface of Armenia . Its surface is around 400,000 square kilometers .

In Spain there is the so-called Altiplano de Granada, which houses what are the regions of Baza and Huéscar. It has important plateaus with more than 1,000 meters above sea level as well as a remarkable practically desert plain. In this territory they take on special relevance from towns such as Benamaurel to landscaping areas of great value such as the Sierra de Castril Natural Park and the Sierra de Baza Natural Park.

It is considered that in this highlands millions of years ago one of the first men who inhabited Europe lived and also has the peculiarity of maintaining caves that were the residence of Andalusian individuals. Caves that today have become tourist accommodation.

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