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Prehistoric Art

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Art, from Latin ars, is the nation that allows to refer to the creations of the human being that express a sensitive vision of the imaginary or real world through the use of linguistic, plastic or sound resources.

Prehistoric is that belonging to or relative to the period studied by the prehistory . This last term, on the other hand, is linked to the existing human life prior to the development of the writing (which arose near the year 3,000 BC ).

The concept of prehistoric art therefore mentions the artistic manifestations of primitive peoples . The expression is often used to name very diverse historical periods and creations distant from the geographical point of view, which makes prehistoric art contain very diverse works.

In general, it can be said that prehistoric art is characterized by schematism , he symbolism and the abstraction . These are expressions with ritual or mythical-religious purposes, unlike modern art, which points to the aesthetic.

The rock painting It is a manifestation of prehistoric art. These drawings were made on rocks or in the walls of the caverns. Some paintings have near 40,000 years old and they are still preserved since, being inside caves, they managed to resist the passage of time.

Prehistoric art used to represent hunting scenes or figures associated with deities. In addition to paintings, the prehistoric sculptures , what in Europe they developed during the period paleolithic. Bones, ivory plates, rocks and metals allowed to create these sculptures.

Among the most important prehistoric works of art is the Venus of Willendorf, a statuette of feminine forms that is associated with the group generally known as Venus Paleolithic. It is a series of sculptures that share characteristics such as their exaggerated feminine attributes and their size.

In the particular case of Willendorf, its height is approximately 11 centimeters, it has a covered face and it does not have a base that allows it to stand. his discovery It took place in 1908 in a paleolithic settlement on Austrian soil, during an excavation. It is estimated that it was created between 24 thousand and 22 thousand BC, and today it is possible to admire it in the Natural History Museum of Vienna.

On the other hand, representing the cave painting is the shrunk bison from the cave of Altamira, in Cantabria, Spain. The importance of this work is multiple, since it is located on the site where the first ones were discovered paintings of this nature, all belonging to the Upper Paleolithic and very well preserved.

When in 1879 the human being found (for the second time) the Altamira cave, the scientists doubted the authenticity of the paintings, since everything seemed to have been orchestrated. But once works of similar features were found in other caves, both within Spain and in France, the truth was imposed on the unbelief, and justice could be done to this impressive legacy. It is worth mentioning that the value artistic shrunk bison is comparable to that of the Sistine Chapel and its antiquity borders 15 thousand years.

Finally, Stonehenge It is a monument whose immense popularity exceeds the limits of knowledge and interest in prehistoric art. Its diameter is just over 100 meters and it is estimated that it was built between 3100 and 1600 B.C., a period that joins the end of the Neolithic and the beginning of the Bronze Age. Its importance is due to the fact that it raises a large number of questions regarding its origin, especially because of its sophisticated architecture, which does not seem to have competence in its historical context.

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