Is called thistle to one plant of annual type that is characterized by having large sheets and thorns . The thistles (term that comes from the Latin word cardus) are part of the group of compound or asteraceae plants, whose flowers are presented as compound inflorescences surrounded by bracts.
Being a colloquial language concept, however, it is known as thistle to plants of different genders and families The Cylindropuntia rosea , for example, is called thistle. This plant is found in deserts of Mexico and of the U.S .
The species Carduncellus monspelliensium , Carthamus lanatus and Cirsium echinatum , among many others, are also called thistles. That is why it is important to keep in mind that talking about thistles is referring to many different plants, with characteristics in common but also with multiple differences.
There are edible thistles , As the Cynara cardunculus . The roots, stems and flowers of this thistle can be prepared in different ways. It is a food rich in Water , with a small amount of fats, proteins and carbohydrates.
Like artichokes, thistle is a very beneficial food for our Health , especially to take care of the gallbladder and liver. Both are highly rich in cinnarin, a cholelectic component, that is, their properties promote the production of bile, ideal for improving digestion and avoiding a series of problems that result from poor digestion, such as intestinal acidity, heaviness and the gases.
Another of the medicinal properties of thistle is that it decreases the risk of retention of liquids Thanks to its acids (especially caffeic, ascorbic and chlorogenic), cinnarine and calcium, this food makes the body feel the need to urinate. These components are very useful in situations and conditions such as obesity, rheumatism, kidney stones, high blood pressure, premenstrual syndrome disorders and excess uric acid.
To lose weight, thistle also has Benefits worthy of being highlighted, as already mentioned slightly above. In addition to promoting digestion and diuresis, its calorie content is very low, approximately half that of artichokes, which is combined with its large percentage of water and potassium to give an ideal formula against abnormal weight gain .
On the other hand, many specialists recommend this food to complement the treatment against diabetes And it is that thistle has a polysaccharide called inulin which collaborates with the decrease in blood sugar level. Other vegetables in the compound family also have this component; Three examples are garlic, onion and chicory, and they are used for fructose production.
As if all this were not enough, inulin also promotes calcium absorption and helps decrease the degree of cholesterol , which makes it ideal for the prevention of osteoporosis, breast and colon cancer, as well as increasing intestinal transit and preventing constipation. Also, this component of edible thistle has bifidogenic properties, that is, it stimulates the increase of bacteria that benefit the intestine.
In the time of Roman empire thistle was a Street which was oriented from north to south. He Cardō Maximus it was the most important thistle of a colony or of a camp, that crossed with another street of great relevance: Decumanus Maximus .
Also in Roman times, there was a divinity known as Thistle , Cardinea or Cardea . According to mythology , Thistle She was a goddess linked to health and the wind.