The concept of human development It can refer to two different issues. On the one hand, it is linked to improvement of living conditions of the human being through the satisfaction of your needs. On the other hand, it can refer to development in the sense biological , from conception to birth or adulthood.
Keeping the first of the meanings mentioned, the idea of human development is associated with the availability of resources for meet material needs and to the conformation of an environment that allows the individual to exploit their potential. To greater human development, better life quality .
Working for human development is to expand the opportunities and options of people to progress and increase your well-being. The various edges linked to human development are usually measured through Human development Index (HDI ).
He HDI analyzes the life expectancy, years of schooling and GDP per capita of the inhabitants of each country and establishes an international ranking. Norway , Switzerland , Australia , Germany and Denmark They are usually the nations with the highest HDI.
In 1965, the so-called United Nations Development Program abbreviated UNDP , after merging the Expanded Program of Technical Assistance and the Special Fund, which emerged in 1949 and 1958, respectively. The implementation of UNDP was carried out by the General Assembly and its objective is to promote improvement in the quality of life of the people who make up this system. Precisely, the report called HDI is a publication of this program.
UNDP is active in 178 countries, and its main function is to collaborate with peoples so that they can reach a higher standard of living. To promote this improvement gives them the knowledge, resources and experience they need. Each country faces different challenges , and UNDP helps them create and share strategies to overcome them.
Among these challenges are the following: reduction of the poverty rate; democratic governance; crisis prevention and recovery afterwards; use of energy and care of environment ; infectious diseases and epidemics; access to communications and information technologies; fight against illiteracy; End discrimination against women.
For a country to give rise to the human development of its inhabitants, it is necessary to resolve the points expressed in the previous paragraph, among others, and that is why it is a difficult task, which always leaves a percentage of people out of progress. Democratic governance is one of the most important, as it seeks through the democracy the creation of processes and institutions that respond to the needs of the people more effectively.
If we do not have access to public administration and justice, if we cannot participate in the electoral processes and legislative decisions of our nation, then we are not fundamental components of society but merely pieces that others have to move as they please. Human development implies the idea of freedom , so that each person moves around him as a true individual, even if he is part of a larger whole that represents him.
Refering to biology , human development begins with the fertilization , when a female gamete merges with a male gamete and a new individual emerges, whose genome comes from the two parents. That zygote grows in the womb as a fetus for nine months until it is time for delivery. Specified the birth, the human being continues its development until reaching maturity and becoming an adult.