To be able to carry out the determination of the meaning of century it is necessary to know, first, what is the etymological origin of the mentioned word. In this case we can determine that it derives from the Latin “centuria”. Specifically, it is the result of the sum of two clearly defined components:
- "Centrum", which means "hundred".
-The noun "viria", which is equivalent to "set of men".
The first meaning of century that mentions the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ) refers to a century or yet centenary : a temporary period that extends a hundred years .
For example: "During the last century, the economy of the Asian country grew by 684%", “A century ago there was no such heavy rainfall in this region”, "In half a century we went from being a small family business to a large multinational corporation".
The idea of century is also used with reference to a Military unit of the Roman empire which was composed of a hundred soldiers . Centuries were the most important structures of the army , allowing the development of legions (units that could exceed 6,000 men).
Beyond the denomination and definition mentioned by the RAE , the centuries, according to various historians, did not really have a hundred troops. They used to have between sixty and eighty, spread over the so-called contubernios .
The leader of a century was called centurion . This military authority had lieutenants as assistants for the performance of their duties. The centurions were responsible for leading the centuries on the battlefield and responsible for their organization.
When two centuries joined, they formed a manipulo . The manipulos, on the other hand, used to group of three to give rise to a cohort . The cohorts, in turn, were the structure of the legions .
Within what is the celebration of Holy Week in Spain it should be noted that there are many steps that go out to the streets accompanied by Roman centuries, many of which are interpreting different processional marches. In this case, it must be established that the first centuries of this type are considered to have appeared in the 17th century. Exactly of the first one that has news is of one of 1658 that accompanied the departure of the Sevillian Macarena.
So much weight have acquired this type of centuries in the field of the celebration of the aforementioned Passion Week that different events have been taking place throughout the country. Thus, for years, concentrations of Roman centuries have been organized in towns such as Villanueva de Córdoba (Córdoba-Spain).
Within the set of prophecies made by Nostradamus, the centuries to divide them also take center stage. An example is that he established in the century 1 LX quartet the "birth of an emperor who will be born near Italy that will cost the empire a high price."
Century Finally, it is the name of a town that is located in the county of Polk , at state from Wisconsin (U.S ). Its population does not reach a thousand inhabitants.