The ketone is a organic compound which has a carbonyl group . To understand what the term refers to, therefore, we must understand the notions of organic compound and carbonyl group.
An organic compound is a substance that has carbon and forms bonds carbon hydrogen or carbon-carbon . A carbonyl group, meanwhile, is a radical (a certain grouping of atoms ) which is formed with a carbon atom that is attached to an oxygen atom through a double bond.
In the specific case of the ketone, it is an organic compound that has a carbonyl group linked to two carbon atoms. If in the compound the carbonyl group is the most important, the name of the ketone is generated by adding to the hydrocarbon the suffix -ona or mentioning the radicals with the term "ketone" at the end. If the carbonyl group is not the main one, then the prefix is used oxo- .
Ketones can be oxidized only with strong oxidants, producing acids that have a smaller number of carbon atoms. Before a reduction reaction, ketones generate secondary alcohols. It should be noted that the reactions of ketones and aldehydes can be of reduction , oxidation or nucleophilic addition .
Compared to aldehydes, these compound Organic are less reactive. Ketones, on the other hand, do not react with Schiff reagents , Fehling and Tollens .
It is possible to distinguish between aromatic ketones (like quinones), the aliphatic ketones (between which symmetric ketones and asymmetric ketones are differentiated) and mixed ketones (such as phenylmethylbutanone).
One of the ways in which we find the ketone on a day-to-day basis is through the natural substance called Raspberry ketone (which is also known by its name in English, raspberry ketone). It is usually used to supplement treatments to lose weight, that is, as supplement dietary, since it has various properties that make it ideal for this purpose.
Raspberry Ketone is a thermogenic , that is, it has the capacity to accelerate the basal metabolism by means of an increase in the temperature of the organism, which manages to burn the reserve fats. Green tea is another product that falls into this category, although raspberry ketone has a structure Molecular most suitable for burning fat. On the other hand, it also reduces the feeling of appetite and the need to eat foods with sugar.
In 2005, a scientific study was carried out to verify the effectiveness of raspberry ketone in the fight against obesity or, rather, in treatments To lose weight they rely on the use of supplements to regulate metabolism. The results were overwhelming; revealed that this substance helps activate the hormone called adiponectin, which regulates especially the metabolism of fatty acids found in fat cells, and make it more abundant in the bloodstream.
The evidences found by scientists were enhanced when a famous American doctor disclosed through its television program the benefits of raspberry ketone. And, as usually happens, a success in the United States is a first class ticket for a worldwide success.
Many people wonder if they can get the same benefits simply by eating natural raspberries. The answer does not give rise to many options: to burn the same amount of fats that allow 100 mg raspberry ketone they should eat more than 40 kg of fruit . Regardless of whether this amount of raspberry is impossible to ingest in a single day, the value caloric which is supposed to be counterproductive.