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Science fiction

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The Science fiction It is a genre whose contents are based on supposed scientific or technical achievements that could be achieved in the future . This scientific support makes science fiction differentiate itself from the genre fantastic , where situations and characters are the result of imagination.

He gender of science fiction has also been known as anticipation literature , given the mentioned characteristics. In fact, many science fiction authors have managed to anticipate the emergence of different inventions, such as Julio Verne with submarines or spaceships.

Science fiction was born as a literary subgenre in the decade of 1920 . Over time, it expanded to different formats. Cinematic science fiction has been one of the most successful adaptations, especially since the second half of the twentieth century .

Specifically in the twentieth century it is interesting to highlight the emergence of a series of movements or trends within the genre of science fiction that have become true references. Thus, in the first place, we find the cyberpunk that was the movement that emerged in the 80s and that occurred as a result of the development and expansion of computers that brought science fiction authors to exploit that possibility. that computers dominate humans.

Among the most significant films that became perfect examples of the aforementioned cyberpunk is the film entitled "Blade Runner", which the director Ridley Scott premiered in 1982 and is based on a 1968 novel called "Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?" ? ”And written by Philip K. Dick. A true classic of the science fiction genre is this American production, as is another also included within the aforementioned movement. Specifically we are referring to "Terminator" (1984) which is directed by James Cameron, starring Arnold Schwarzenegger and which had three more episodes.

While cyberpunk established a negative and apocalyptic view of the presence of computers in our society, postcyberpunk, which appeared in the 1990s, was much more optimistic in this regard. Hence, scientists and researchers, who want to make use of technology for society, take center stage in the stories of this movement. A perfect example of this science fiction class is the "Otherland" series by Tad Williams.

There are those who distinguish between hard science fiction and the soft science fiction , according to the rigor with which the scientific data are treated. Hard science fiction would be “The most scientific”, without too much room for imagination. Instead, soft science fiction includes some assumptions without scientific or real basis.

Among the most famous authors of science fiction, you can name Isaac Asimov (1920 -1992 , author of "I robot" ), Ray bradbury (1920 , "Martian Chronicles" , “Fahrenheit 451”), Arthur C. Clarke (1917 -2008 , "Space Odyssey" ), Aldous Huxley (1894 -1963 , "A happy world" ), Ursula K. Le Guin (1929 , "The Dispossessed" ) and the aforementioned Julio Verne (1828 -1905 , "Journey to the Center of the Earth" , “Twenty thousand leagues of underwater travel” ).

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