In order to know the meaning of the term coalition it is necessary, first, to discover its etymological origin. In this case, it must be established that it is a word that derives from medieval Latin: "coalitio". It was formed from the sum of two clearly defined components:
-The word “coalitum”, which is the supine of the verb “coalescere”.
-The suffix "-thio", which is used to indicate "action and effect".
The concept is used to name a temporary grouping of individuals, political parties or nations , which meet a specific objective.
For example: "The European coalition prepares to intervene in the bastion of terrorists", “The president proposed to the opposition leaders to carry out a coalition government to face the crisis”, "We will not allow a military coalition to impose its mandates by force".
A coalition is a alliance that is created from the link established by its members. This agreement arises with the intention of developing some type of action together.
It is usual that, before the imminence of an election process, different political parties establish a electoral coalition . When creating a group Of this class, the different parties that make up the coalition have more options to prevail when they go to the elections as a unit, and the group adds the votes that everyone would obtain separately. An electoral coalition of three political parties, for example, can present a list of candidates for deputies that interspersed leaders of each group: in the first place on the list appears a candidate of the party TO , in the second place a candidate of the party B , in the third place a candidate of the party C and so on.
In addition, it must be established that, for example, in Spain there is a political entity that responds to the name of the Canary Coalition (CC). It is a Canarian political formation that was launched in the decade of the 90s, specifically in the year 1993. From this moment it governs what is the Autonomous Community of the Canary Islands and is part, both in the Congress of Deputies and in the Senate, of what is called a mixed group.
In the same way, we cannot ignore the existence of what is known as the great coalition. This is a term that is used to mention a class of agreement that reaches two or more political parties that belong to different ideologies with the clear purpose of being able to move forward and form a government. This will respond to the name of the great coalition government.
A good example of this can be found in Germany because, throughout its history, it has had such governments. Thus, for example, in recent years President Angela Merkel has been leading three of that class.
Many different times countries join in military coalitions to invade or attack another nation whom they consider dangerous or enemy. That happened with U.S , England and other countries that formed a coalition to develop an invasion of Iraq in 2003 and thus overthrow the regime of Saddam Hussein .