He fascism is a political and social movement That was born in Italy from the hand of Benito Mussolini after completion of the First World War . It is a movement totalitarian and nationalist , whose doctrine (and the similar ones that were developed in others countries ) receives the name of fascist .
From 1922 to 1943 it was when the aforementioned Italian dictator became the prime minister of his country. Date that last one in which he was deposed and later imprisoned, although in prison he was very little time because he received the help of Nazi Germany to escape from that place. However, two years later, in 1945, he would finally die after being executed.
Fascism was proposed as a third way before liberal democracies (like the American one) and the socialism (the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics). In addition to the Mussolini regime in Italy, the fascists are described as Germany from Adolf Hitler and the Spain from Francisco Franco .
Fascism is based on a Almighty state that says embody the spirit of village . The population should not, therefore, seek anything outside the State , which is in the hands of a single party. The fascist state exercises its authority through the violence , repression and propaganda (including manipulation of the education system).
The fascist leader is a leader who appears above the common men. Mussolini called himself as Il Duce , which derives from Latin Doge ("General" ). These are messianic and authoritarian leaderships, with a power which is exercised unilaterally and without any consultation.
In addition to all this, it should be noted that Fascism in Italy led to the development and promulgation of what were called "racial laws." These were a compendium of measures of discrimination and persecution towards all those people who were or were in relation to Italian Jews.
This legislation led not only to talk about a "pure" Italian race but also to open concentration camps where Jews were held, subjected to forced labor, targets of all kinds of torture and abuse and even some of them were also killed.
In Germany, fascism is associated with Nazism . This movement had a strong racial component, which promulgated the superiority of the Aryan race and sought the extermination of other collectivities, such as Jews, gypsies and blacks.
In this regard, it should be stressed that Nazism propagated in 1935 the well-known Nuremberg Laws by which not only were Jews deprived of their rights as citizens but also forced to carry an identification as such and avoid relate to the so-called Aryans. But that was only the starting point of an indiscriminate and atrocious persecution against those German citizens who were victims of torture and murder by the so-called SS, Nazi police.
He neo-fascism and the neo-Nazism they repeat attitudes of the original movements (violence, authoritarianism), while denying or minimizing the crimes committed by these groups throughout the twentieth century.