The French word flibustier came to our language as filibuster .
However, it should be borne in mind that it is considered that the French term derives from English, exactly from "frebetter", which, in turn, emanated from the Dutch. Specifically, of "vrijbuiter", which can be translated as "pirate."
The term is used to name the pirates that in the XVII century , developed their attacks in the area of Caribbean Sea .
Many times it is confused among pirates, privateers and filibusters. A pirate He was an individual who was engaged in boarding boats to steal. A corsair , meanwhile, he was a subject who acted with a Corsican patent: he had, therefore, the endorsement of his government to attack and loot ships from enemy countries. With respect to filibusters , as we said, they were pirates who act in the Caribbean region, even ramming against coastal towns.
Another similar notion is buccaneer . In this case, the word refers to a pirate who, in the 17th centuries and XVIII , was oriented to the theft of Spanish overseas domains.
Returning to the filibusters, they acted in the Caribbean Sea (also called Antilles Sea ), which surrounds nations as Cuba , Puerto Rico , Dominican Republic and Haiti . It also bathes coasts of Mexico , Costa Rica , Panama , Colombia and Venezuela , among other countries.
The filibusters acted in groups, usually without moving too far from the coast. Sometimes they sailed along the coast and, at the right time, descended from the boats to loot villages and cities One of the most important blows of filibusteros materialized in 1697 when they joined corsairs and the French Navy and took Cartagena de Indias .
It should be noted that, later, the idea filibuster began to be used to name those who fought to make the Spanish colonies independent.
At present, the filibuster is a term that is used, above all, in the political field to refer to the deputies or congressmen who from the parliamentary system of which they are a part choose to take measures to be able to delay for a long time or block completely what is the approval of a specific law. Specifically, what they do is make very long speeches in the session in question.
Exactly, it is said that those political representatives are practicing filibusterism. A good example of this is found in Antiquity. Specifically, it is established that the Roman politician Cato the Elder (95 BC - 46 BC) was able to make speeches of up to days to avoid passing and passing laws proposed by Julius Caesar.
In the world of culture, through different works, we have also resorted to showing what filibusterism is. Thus, for example, a good example of this can be seen in the television series "Scandal" where in one of its chapters a senator resorts to that "tool" to avoid approving the proposed budget in one session. to leave an American organization related to reproduction without funds.