The Greek word hellēnismós he came to modern latin as hellenismus, which in our language it became Hellenism . This is the name of period of greek civilization that starts with Alexander the Great , characterized by the incorporation of cultural elements of Egypt and of Asia Minor .
Also called Alexandrian period or Hellenistic period , Hellenism is usually considered as a time of transition between the sunset of classical Greece and the Roman power advance . The period began in the year 336 before Christ , when Alexander the Great (or Alexander III ) is proclaimed king of Macedonia ; continued with the diádocos (the generals of the army of Alexander the Great that were disputed on power after the death of the king); and it developed until the Roman domination of the Hellenistic world took shape.
During Hellenism there was a syncretism between local gods, the divinities of Ancient east and the classic pantheon. The philosophy On the other hand, it was divided into different empirical sciences and schools, sects and movements such as skeptics, cynics, stoics and epicureans emerged.
Hellenism also marked the conversion of the great cities Greek art and knowledge centers. In this period the Colossus of Rhodes and the Lighthouse of Alejandria and the Venus de Milo , for example.
Other important characteristics of Hellenism were the consolidation of the figure of doctor (which replaced the sorcerer) and progress in the studies of mathematics and astronomy .
The going of Hellenism, on the other hand, is used to refer to Way of speaking characteristic of the Greek language, the use of these turns in other languages and the influence exerted by the culture of the Ancient Greece in later civilizations.