He field diary It is an instrument used by researchers to record those facts that are likely to be interpreted . In this sense, the field diary is a tool that allows systematizing experiences and then analyzing the results.
Each researcher has their own methodology when it comes to carrying out his field diary. Developed ideas, isolated phrases, transcripts, may be included. maps and schemes , for example. The important thing is that you can turn to the newspaper what you see during your research process and then interpret it.
There are many tips that professionals in the scientific field make about what would be the realization of a field diary. However, the general steps that are usually established in this regard are to start by carrying out a general observation, record everything that is seen in that first contact (smells, sounds, weather, actions ...) and describe the sensations and impressions that you those elements cause the scientist who is doing that daily cited.
However, for that document to be complete, exhaustive and useful, it is also recommended to include conclusions, differentiate what are the general elements of the elements of the study or record the observation periods in a chronological manner.
And all this without forgetting that it is very important that the newspaper is developed through a clear and faithful writing to what is being observed. But yes, with the personal style that is possessed, after all, this newspaper is a document that will be useful to the author himself.
Of course, what is recorded in the field diary will not be the reality itself, but the reality seen through the eyes of the researcher, with his perceptions and his worldview. The subjectivity It comes into play from the moment of recording the facts, and not only in its interpretation. That is why it can be said that, although two researchers work together on the same topic, the field diaries of each of them will be different.
Specialists recommend that the field diary be divided into two columns . In this way, the researcher can include on one side what refers to the observations he makes and, on the other, his impressions or conclusions. It is also recommended that, after the day, the researcher meets with his coworkers to share ideas that can be dumped into the newspaper.
Researchers who have to make their first field diary should know that there are manuals or books on the market that explain in a simple and very clear way how they can perform this task. This would be the case, for example, of the work entitled "Field diaries" that was made by Juan M. García Jorba. It achieves not only that the reader learns to make said document but also to better understand what the research process is.
Keep in mind that the field diary is usually the first step of essays, reflections and books About the investigation in question.