The notion of lipotimia comes from the Greek word lipothymia. The term refers to the sudden and fleeting loss of movement and sense .
Lipotimia is a fading . Usually, the person feels that he is about to faint, although such fainting does not always materialize. The most common symptoms are headache, excessive sweating, paleness, upset stomach and Vertigo .
On an organic level, lipotimia occurs when blood supply to the brain becomes insufficient . This organ, therefore, receives less oxygen of the one who needs to maintain consciousness, causing fainting.
When an individual undergoes a lipotimia, the first thing we must do is make sure that he continues to breathe and that it is simply a Fainting . Next, it is recommended to move it to a well ventilated place and loosen the clothing so you can breathe more easily.
If you are aware, you should be instructed to breathe deeply, inspiring through the nose and exhaling through the mouth. Another good tip is to ask him to cough repeatedly, since this action It helps to improve the blood supply of the brain.
You can also lay the affected person on his back and lift his legs to promote the return of the blood to the brain, or put it on its side in case you need to vomit. If you are in an environment or in a very cold environment, it is important to shelter it; for example, covering it with a blanket or with a garment of ours.
It is important not to provide food or drink to the victim of lipotimia until he has fully recovered. Once it is replenished, it must be supplied Water . Another thing we should not do in case of lipotimia is to leave the subject alone.
Before a faint that lasts more than five minutes it is advisable to call the medical assistance service, since the cause can be a disease , such as diabetes (in this case fainting would be due to a sudden drop in sugar) or epilepsy (which would be noticed by the presence of seizures). In any case, a good practice is to remove any object that may pose a danger to the victim, so that we establish a safe perimeter for recovery.
That said, we should clarify that in most cases the episodes of lipotimia are isolated and resolve without major complications. However, it is precisely when they extend for too long that suspicions arise about a cause underlying.
With regard to prevention, since lipotimia usually appears unexpectedly there is not much we can do. However, it is known that the lack of ventilation and excessive heat are two common triggers that we should avoid. In addition, good hydration is recommended throughout the day, something that not everyone does naturally. In this context, the people who collect the most revenue are those over fifty and pregnant women.
He stress , he hot and the Intense pain They can cause lipotimia. Typically, once the normal blood flow to the brain is restored, the subject recovers the level of consciousness without suffering any sequelae.
It is estimated that half of the Humans They experience some lipotimia throughout life. When episodes recur or complications arise, it is necessary to see a doctor to determine their causes and the extent of their consequences.
Between the exams that doctors usually indicate to determine the causes of lipotimia are the following:
* blood test;
* chest x-ray;
* heart rate monitoring;