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Mayor It is a term from Latin Intense, in turn derived from I will understand (which can be translated as "lead" ). According to region , the concept has different uses.

The first meaning indicated by the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ) in his dictionary refers to the individual who is the superior authority in economic matters. The notion also refers to various charges of leadership and address .

In the broadest sense, the mayors are officials with powers and powers over a certain territory. In several South American countries the mayors are the municipal leaders : are in charge of Executive power of a municipality .

An intendant, in this context, is an authority that exercises his power in a specific administrative entity (the municipality). While a president governs the destinies of a country and a governor, of a state or province, an mayor directs the municipal government.

The scope of this position depends on the political and legal order of each nation . The mayor may govern a single city or several localities that are part of the same major division.

In the Buenos Aires province (Argentina ), for example, each mayor heads the Executive power of a match , which in turn can be made up of many cities. The inhabitants of the parties choose their mayor through an electoral process and grant him a four-year term.

He La Matanza Party , to cite a case, it is the most populous of the Buenos Aires province . Your mayor rules sixteen cities , among those found San Justo , Aldo Bonzi , Lomas del Mirador , Ramos Mejía , Tapiales and Viceroy of the Pine , among other.

Since, as mentioned above, the characteristics of this position are different depending on the region in which it is located, we will see below some of the functions most common of the mayor:

* Develop policies, development programs and plans for your region and approve them. In addition to this, it must be in charge of the budget to carry them out, in accordance with national policy;

* with respect to National Regional Development Fund and its distribution, it must resolve the way to invest the resources that its region receives;

* make decisions corresponding to the use of resources from sectoral investment programs to different projects. These resources are assigned by the nation to all regions in accordance with what the Law of Budgets of the Nation;

* in order to regulate aspects of its competence, it must dictate norms of a general nature;

* When municipalities require their advice, the mayor must provide it. This is especially true when they must formulate plans and programs for developing ;

* the development of prevention and protection programs to deal with disaster situations without damaging the powers of the other authorities at the national level;

* take all the measures you need to face catastrophes and emergencies at the regional level;

* act directly in matters related to international cooperation as long as it does not exceed the limits established by the National Government through the various conventions and treaties;

* Since the mayor must act in accordance with the instructions and guidance of the Head of State, any competition that is transferred must exercise it absolutely irrevocably.

The orders Just mentioned, they can reach the mayor directly from the Executive Branch or through the Minister of the Interior. It is important to highlight that the relationship between the mayor and the President of his nation is of the utmost importance, since only through their joint work can they offer the entire territory the conditions they need for their correct social and economic development.

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