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The concept of data center , which can be translated as "data center" , is frequently used in the sector of computing to refer to space which houses the technological resources that allow process a lot of information . These places are also called calculation center or computer center .

A data center is a conditioned environment that contains computers (computers) and other hardware devices, networked and equipped with the necessary software to develop data processing. These environments usually have a special air conditioning to prevent overheating of the machines.

Take the case of a technology company that offers accommodation (hosting ) for websites. This company will need a data center to house the servers and process the demands of data of your customers If you provide a service to a large number of people, you may even have more than one data center.

An airline must also have a data center to store and manage all the information of your customers, your employees, your planes, your suppliers, etc. In the computers it saves the information of the passengers, registers the tickets and coordinates the flights, to mention some possibilities.

It is important to keep in mind that a data center usually stores sensitive information , which must be protected. This protection, on the one hand, must be physical: intruders must be prevented from entering the room, fire safety measures must be implemented and short circuits and voltage changes must be avoided, for example. On the other hand, it must be virtual, protecting data from the action of virus and from the intrusion of hackers.

Tips to improve the efficiency of a data center

While at first glance it may seem that the efficiency A data center depends primarily on the use of energy, there are several other factors that we must take into account to optimize our resources and keep the structure in a functional state.

First, we must distribute the racks Correctly . Let's not forget that racks They are metal supports that look similar to a shelf that are used to house electronic, communications and computer equipment .

Whether we fill them as if we do not take full advantage of their space, we jeopardize the refrigeration of the devices. To avoid this problem we must distribute them evenly, occupying all racks in the same degree, so that the power dissipated by them in each row is homogeneous.

Another important tip is separate the hot and cold air aisles , to achieve an optimal cooling system. In this way we not only protect the devices but also avoid waste of Energy electric This task depends largely on the previous one: if we do not distribute the racks correctly, we will not be able to achieve an adequate level of cooling either. Using the best data center enclosure options available today, we can get energy savings that reach 30% .

Properly plan the data center and control it at all times It is one of the paths to success. There are many tools that we can use to achieve these objectives, which allow us to measure variables accurately and access a comprehensive view of the system . The capacity of the devices such as the space they occupy and their energy consumption are some of the points to take into account in this context.

To reduce energy costs even more is recommended use LED lighting , a technology known to all that can offer us savings close to 90% if implemented properly. It is important to use integrated low voltage current to structured wiring to power the lamps.

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