The notion of chimera finds its origin in the Latin word of origin chimney which, in turn, derives from a Greek term that means “Fabulous animal” . In this sense, it is a monster that, according to the fable , he expelled flames from his mouth, his head was that of a lion, goat's torso and dragon's tail.
In the field of Greek mythology, Chimera He was a terrible monster and considered invincible, as he expelled fire through his mouth and was huge. She was daughter of Typhoon , which in turn is the youngest son of Gea, and of Echidna , what symbolizes to the viper in mythology. This character is represented with a lion's head, a goat bust and a snake's tail or, on other occasions, with a huge two-headed monster (one of lion and the other of goat).
Legend says that this beast roamed the regions of Asia Minor generating terror among the people and devouring animals, until Bellerophon (the Greek hero who was the son of Poseidon) faced him and managed to destroy it with a piece of lead that he placed on the tip of his spear. It should be noted that Chimera was a mother with Ortro of the Sphinx and the Nemea lion .
On another plane there is a term that derives from it which is called chimerism and that describes a disorder of the genetic order in which two ovules that are fertilized by a sperm during sexual intercourse, after two or three weeks have passed, join together and form a being with double genetic material; but if what happens is that these zygotes unite and each generate an individual of different sexes, the result is a pseudo-hermaphrodite, with a genotype corresponding to each of the sexes.
The new living being will have double complete genetic information. It is common in this situation that the cells have Different DNA , as if they were two individuals in one body. It is said that chimeric individuals could have been in other circumstances dizygotic twins or even Twins.
In the paleontology , a chimera is a fossil composed of parts of individuals of different species that, at the time of being discovered, the researchers They thought it was only one remains.
Chimera is also the member of the order Chimaeriformes , a group of cartilaginous fish that have a distant relationship with sharks, and a Spanish monthly magazine of literary analysis which was founded in 1980 .
The term in the literature
The term chimera is also used as synonymous with something fanciful or utopian . For example: “Juan dreams of fulfilling the chimera of traveling the world by bicycle”. It refers to what could be considered a utopia, something impossible to achieve but that people dream and believe in what they will get sooner or later. The meaning of calling these dreams chimeros resides in that they are ideas that can only exist in our imagination thermocephalic (with hot, dreamy heads).
In regards to the literature, the term is recidivist in many works. The poet Luis Cernuda, for example, published a work entitled "Desolación de la Chimera", in which it could be said that he takes stock of everything written and lived previously, where those youth dreams seem to lose their splendor, where sadness takes over fantasies and causes them to slowly fade away. In this work, Cernuda may say goodbye to his youth and embrace with more certainty the anguish, protagonist of his poetry during the last years.
Also in magical realism, the chimera occupies an important place, being the perfect synonym of the hope when it does not have too many questions to affirm . It is the fundamental characteristic of certain volatile characters, dreamers, eager to eat the world and convinced that they will get it.
In classical poetry the term is also used to refer to those impossible loves, beautiful women who can never be conquered, incredible lives that will never come true , etc. Possibly in this use the term may be related to the childhood, with those dreams that were growing in the mind of a child and that became almost obsessions, and that when they reach adulthood they prevail, becoming the main protagonists of their existence.