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Oil is a word which originates in Latin olĕum. The term refers to oil , which is the juice that is obtained from an olive, a seed or another source. For example: “I think I'm going to order oil noodles with basil”, “I like sauteed meat in oil”, “Last night we ate pizza with ajó and oil”.

By extension to this meaning, in the field of religion usually talk about "Saint oil" to name the oils that are used in the framework of some rites. It is an oil that has been blessed and that allows, within the Catholicism , develop sacraments like the baptism .

Specifically, in this sense we would have to say that the oil used when baptizing a person is called the oil of the catechumens.

The concept of oil is also used in the art . An oil is a work that was made with paints obtained from dissolving pigments in an oil-based mixture .

This paint is usually applied on cloth (usually cotton or linen), although it is also suitable for painting on wood, metal or rock, among other materials. The use of oil is very old and became widespread from XIV century .

Specifically, this type of painting can be done can be done on a canvas, a board, a wall, marble or copper, among many other supports.

Among the pigments that are most used by artists who opt for oil to express their concerns and their way of expression are ultramarine blue, carmine, cardinal or chrome yellow.

“La Gioconda” from Leonardo da Vinci , "The Persistence of Memory" from Salvador Dali and the series "The sunflowers" from Vincent van Gogh they are just some of the most famous paintings in history made with the oil technique.

However, we must not pass other paintings made with oil, which are currently considered key pieces of art history. This would be the case, for example, of the following:
• "Portrait of the Arnolfini spouses", which was made in 1434 by the great Van Eyck.
• “La tres gracias”, which dates from 1575 and is the work of Jacopo Zucchi.
• “Las espigadoras”, from 1857. This painting was made by Jean-François Millet.

In the same way, we cannot ignore the fact that there are different expressions that use the term that now concerns us. Good examples of this are the following:
• Walking in oil. Colloquially, this verbal phrase is used with the clear objective of indicating that something is very arranged or composed.
• Well oil goes. Although it is already considered to be in disuse, there are people who still use this expression as a way of indicating that something is not going as it should. That is, things are not right.

Oil Finally, it is a municipality in the state of Saint Paul (Brazil ) which was founded in 1917 and that, currently, it has just under 3,000 inhabitants.

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