The term orthosis not part of the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ). However this notion, which is also mentioned as orthosis (with emphasis on OR ), is used in the field of medicine to refer to external device which is applied to the body with the aim of modify the structure or functioning of the musculoskeletal system .
An orthosis, therefore, can be a splint , a support or other device that contributes to the development of a action or that corrects it. In this way, it achieves an improvement in the functioning of the musculoskeletal system or remedies a deformity.
The physiotherapy , the chiropody and the orthopedics , among other medical specialties, resort to orthotics in treatments and rehabilitations of their patients. In general, they provide security in movements, allow saving Energy and minimize pain.
It is important not to confuse an orthosis with a prosthesis . While the braces are external supports, the prostheses are responsible for replacing - either partially or totally - a member or an organ with dysmetry, disability or disability.
A doctor should be responsible for prescribing an orthosis after analyzing the body of the patient. This professional must indicate the appropriate product according to the defect detected. There are protective brace , the stabilizing orthoses , the corrective brace and the functional braces .
Just as there are orthotics that correct movements or postures, others stabilize a region. Orthotics can both mobilize a body area in a controlled manner and immobilize it completely, according to what is necessary.