Before entering fully into the definition of the term basement, we will proceed to discover its etymological origin. In this case, we can say that it derives from Latin and that it is the result of the sum of two clearly defined components:
-The noun “basis”, which can be translated as “base”.
-The suffix "-ment".
The concept of basement it is used in the field of architecture with reference to body which, composed of the pedestal and the base , is located below the cane of the column. It should be noted that a pedestal is what gives support to something, while the base is the seat of a column.
It can be said that the basement is an element that acts as platform , holding a construction as support as it provides support to the structure in question. Throughout history different styles of foundations were developed, each with its own characteristics beyond its main function.
Regarding the bases, we have to state that there are many types of those that exist. Thus, we run into the suspended one, the aticurge, the continuous one, the compound one, the one that has reeds or the funicular call, among many others.
These types must be said that it is important to know that they are used depending on the architecture. Specifically, when we talk about classical architecture, the basis will be of one kind or another depending on whether it belongs to the Doric, Ionic or Corinthian style.
In the Ancient Greece , for example, the bases used to have as base a crepidoma (a platform with steps or steps) or a plinth . The columns, in this framework, were based on a plan known as stiletto .
In general, always in the field of architecture , is called basement to lower sector of the building that is composed of several planes. This basement presents a different form with respect to the upper planes.
Several Mesoamerican peoples of antiquity, meanwhile, developed characteristic pyramidal foundations. A stepped structure known as teocallis , which used to be decorated with reliefs , allowed access to the temple located on the top.
Within the automotive field we can also highlight the existence and use of the term basement that now concerns us. In that case, it is used to refer to an essential part of the structure of the car in question. It is exactly the base and consists of a stiffening bar and a clamping device, fundamentally.
Likewise, it is also used within what is the scope of geology. In this case reference is made to refer to a layer of rock that, due to its levels of permeability and porosity, does not have hydrocarbon deposits below.
As a general rule, the basement is usually made up of what are igneous rocks.
In a language more colloquial or informal, finally, it is known as the basis for the element that provides stand a statue and to the pedestal that allows to elevate and highlight a piece of reduced size so that it can be appreciated more easily.