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The first meaning of the term gap that recognizes the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ) talk about the opening between the door and the quice (the sector in which the quicial enters and that allows the movement).

By extension, it is known as a loophole to a fissure , a crack or one small slit . For example: "I don't understand: the whole floor is wet but I can't find any gap through which the water may have entered", "The mouse entered the kitchen through the crack of the door", "The quake caused some cracks in the walls, but did not cause any serious damage".

In some countries , the idea of ​​loophole is used to name the remains , the vestiges , the footprints or the traces of something : "The killer did not leave any cracks in the room", "There was not even a chink of the birthday cake", "Archaeologists managed to rebuild the building virtually from the cracks found in the ground".

Resquicio, on the other hand, can be a opportunity or a context which is conducive to the development of a mission or the fulfillment of an objective.

On a political level the term loophole is used very frequently with that meaning. Thus, for example, in Spain in March 2016, there is talk that, so that a government can finally be set up, perhaps there is a loophole so that the leaders of the second and third formation most voted by citizens can reach an agreement and thus get to start a new stage with renewed government. We are referring to the possibility that Pedro Sánchez (PSOE) and Pablo Iglesias (Podemos) reach a point of understanding.

The lawyer of a person accused of having committed a crime, to cite a possibility, can search for a legal loophole to prevent his defendant from being jailed.

In the same way, it should not be overlooked that when talking about legal loopholes, reference is also made to those who have used different politicians to achieve the objectives that had been set. Specifically, it is common for them to go hand in hand with the figure of the former president of Chile Salvador Allende. And it is considered that this, during his first year of office, chose to use certain loopholes of that type to undertake what was called the nationalization of companies.

In this way, what he could carry out is that when a large company in the country proceeded to stop what was its production, the government, more specifically the State, could carry out what was its intervention and thus could re-produce . A measure is that generated a great controversy in Chile, where it was classified by the opposition as illegal and that had to finally lead to it being declared legal by the Comptroller General of the Republic.

It is often said, finally, that certain complicated situations offer a loophole for hope when there are chances, even if they are minimal, to reverse them. A team of soccer He is heading towards the descent but he can avoid losing the category if he manages to win the last eight matches of the tournament: in this case, it is possible to affirm that there is a loophole for hope since the team still has mathematical possibilities of being saved.

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