He king is the monarch or sovereign of a kingdom . The way of government where the supreme position of State is in the hands of the king is known as monarchy . In these cases, the power is hereditary (When the king dies, his son is crowned and so on).
In the various cultures of antiquity, the king held an impeccable position. At first he believed in him as if from a God It was. At that time this deity was justifiable because they were polytheists, however with the imposition of Christianity in societies, new reasons should be sought to believe in the absolute power of the monarch, since there was only one God.
Then it was considered that the best way to understand this power was considering that it was given by divine design. So ceased to be theocratic monarchies to become absolute. It is important to keep in mind that their power was so great that everything they decreed was taken into account as if it were a prophecy and their decisions were never questioned.
For centuries the power of the kings manipulated the populations no more than the entire earth, until with the arrival of English Revolution of the 17th century, this power began to suffer limitations because the people opposed to continue being governed with such a system; then the parliamentary monarchies that, although they maintained the figure of the king, he had to answer in front of a group of people who watched over the rights of the settlers and prevented the monarch from making decisions that could jeopardize social stability.
Thus, over time, the monarchies were changing their essence (except in some countries of Africa and Asia ) and lost power, although in some countries they continue to be important public figures, as is the case of the kings of Spain.
Today, in some countries the institutionality of the Monarchy is maintained because they are considered to be the best guarantee of concord, stability and democracy; in these the function of the king is to advise and guide the steps of the Republic towards a space where all citizens enjoy freedom and wellness. Thus, the kings of European nations, at present, are in charge of constitutional monarchies or parliamentary , with democratic regimes and popular sovereignty. The king, therefore, plays a symbolic and representative role, but does not exercise political power.
Symbolically and making an analogy for the power or superiority that a king has over the rest, the Lion As the King of the jungle already Elvis presley As the rock king , for example. It is also known as O Rei to the footballer Edson Arantes do Nascimento (Pelé ). In these cases, the reign refers to the influence or control that the "monarch" It has about other colleagues or members of its kind.
At Chess , the king is the main piece of the game. You can walk in all directions, even if only one box at a time. The goal of chess is to catch the enemy king in the position of checkmate ("Defeated king" ), which is the last of the game.
Monarchy and Republic
In the last years with the increase of the distrust of the town in the leaders the following question begins to arise: Which is better the monarchy or the Republic?
Without a doubt, the second one is, however, there is a need for reforms that prevent democratically elected rulers from taking advantage of their power and ruining a country.
It is worth mentioning that a monarchical regime it is a governmental system that strongly opposes the Republic, where there are several leaders who have been democratically chosen by the people.
Finally, it is worth mentioning that according to Aristotle, the monarchy is the form of pure government as long as it is exercised legally and not with the personal benefit of the king. It is worth mentioning that the name given to the monarch can be King Tsar Emperor Sultan, etc; that is to say that in all these types of states there is a similarity that there is a person in charge who exercises power over the people.