It is known as fine arts to the set of disciplines who are looking for beauty expression . Music, sculpture and painting are part of this group, which began to be considered in this way from the century XVIII .
It can be said that the fine arts appeal to the search for beauty , the use of esthetic and mastery of the technique . The French Charles Batteux , in a book he published in 1746 , was the first to use the denomination of fine arts. For her music , the sculpture , the painting , the dance , the poetry , the eloquence and the architecture They were part of the fine arts.
Over the years, the list has changed according to the conception of different theorists. The eloquence For example, it is no longer considered one of the fine arts. Instead, it is usually called movie theater As the seventh art .
At present the notion of fine arts is mainly used in institutions , associations and museums They are oriented to the plastic arts. In this way, it is no longer linked to the music , dance and poetry to this idea.
A widely used classification indicates that the fine arts are the superior arts : disciplines that can be seen through the ear or through the view , without the need to establish direct physical contact. Based on this premise, it is established that the fine arts or higher arts are architecture, sculpture, dance, painting, music, literature as well as cinema and theater.
Instead, the minor arts They are captured by touch, smell and taste. Perfumery and gastronomy enter this set.
In addition to everything indicated, we cannot ignore the existence of numerous museums that bear the “surname” of Fine Arts. Among the most relevant we can highlight the Museum of Fine Arts in Seville. In the first half of the nineteenth century this place has its origin, which is considered to be one of the largest and most important art galleries in Spain.
Specifically, this museum is a great proposal to discover not only Andalusian painting of the nineteenth century but, above all, Sevillian baroque painting. And it is that in his collection he has spectacular works by Valdés Leal, Bartolomé Esteban Murillo or Francisco de Zurbarán. Among his most important works are “Don Cristóbal Suárez de Ribera” by Velázquez or the “Immaculate Conception Grande” of the aforementioned Murillo.
Within the educational field, we have to expose the existence in Spain of what is known as the Fine Arts degree. Through it, the student can be trained as a plastic artist as well as a professional in design and new technologies. In this way, he will acquire knowledge and develop his artistic skills that can lead him to become an important artist in the world of photography, painting, sculpture, drawing, comic, video, video games ...