It is known as rumba yet musical rhythm and to a kind of dance which is traditional of Cuba and whose roots are African. History indicates that the rumba arose on Cuban soil during the colonial era, being driven by the black population.
The rumba began to develop around the sugar mills. The music It was produced with drums and other percussion instruments, being accompanied by a characteristic dance and singing.
East style Dance is divided into three types: the guaguancó , the rumba of Havana; the Columbia and the yambu , in Matanzas. With regard to specific instruments, rumba uses three drums called tumblers or With gas , which are originally from Cuba and differ from the African drum in that it has keys. The tumbadoras are organized into two groups: two of them, which are called the cousin and the second, serve to mark the basic rhythm; the other, which is known by the name of fifth, it must have a sharper tuning and is used to produce flowers for dancers and improvised strokes.
The technique Dance varies according to the style of each performer. The guaguancó, for example, should be danced with semi-flexed legs, the back slightly tilted down and alternating the movement of the arms and legs to achieve a flow that seems natural, as much as that seen when walking. The basic objective is to achieve this alternation of sides: when advancing the left foot it must be done with a movement of the right arm, and vice versa.
As with most dance styles, the fundamental step of the guaguancó rumba presents certain differences between the execution of men and women; the first must focus on a movement of pelvis, while the woman should swing her hip as if drawing an '8' in the air. It should be mentioned that this is often incorrectly referred to as the "docking technique"
The columbia shares the bases with the guaguancó, and it differs mainly in that the position of the body must be more upright. Also, this type of rumba is more elegant and technically challenging , with a rhythm game that generates a greater variety. The yambu, meanwhile, is the most "static" of the three.
At the beginning of twentieth century , the rumba became popular in Cuban bars, adding other musical instruments to its execution. Over the years it reached U.S and Europe , associating with festive environments and celebrations.
Currently, the rumba is characterized by its couple dance, with the dancers highlighting the movements of the pelvis and hip. his rhythm It is carried out in a 4 x 4 measure.
Because of its expansion, different types of rumba can be recognized today. The flamenco rumba , by example , arose from the combination between Cuban rumba and Spanish flamenco. It is performed with guitar, castanets, drawer and palms.
Also in Spain the Catalan rumba , with elements of the Cuban rumba, the flamenco rumba and the rock . In this case, rumba music usually includes bass, piano and wind instruments.
This term is also found in the expression "get out of rumba", which in Latin America refers to Departures at night in search of fun, usually with other people, to perform activities such as dancing and spending a few hours with friends drinking alcohol and enjoying the last -or the first- hours of the day. In Spain, on the other hand, the use of the expression "going out" is more common, while in other countries it is also said "going out" or "partying."
In Argentina , by last, Rumba is the name of a brand of chocolate chip cookies (cookies), manufactured by Bagley . These are cookies with chocolate caps and cream filling.