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The concept of telematics refers to the combination of the computing and of the communication technology for sending and receiving data. The notion is associated with different techniques, processes, knowledge and devices typical of telecommunications and computing.

That which is understood by telematics, therefore, is very broad since it covers the design, analysis and application of all services and of the infrastructure that allow to process, store and transmit information .

The exchange of messages through applications such as Whatsapp It is part of telematics. The person who enters the application from his cell phone (mobile), writes a message and sends it to another user is using telematics.

The same goes for who sends and receives emails. Suppose that, throughout a day of job , a business owner exchanges five emails with the marketing manager about a project to develop. Such communications are possible thanks to telematics.

E-commerce services (known as e-commerce ), digital television transmissions, geographical positioning by GPS and the tools that allow the development of a distance educational process are also part of the field of telematics.

People who specialize in these issues can be trained as telematics technicians or telematics engineers , according to the curriculum. This training enables them to work in various areas of telecommunications and in the management of networks , for example.

Therefore, both professionals, the technician and the telematic engineer, are prepared to assume a wide range of jobs, and this largely explains the popularity of these careers in many countries. That said, let's see a list of some of the chores that they can carry out:

* when working with environments LAN, WAN or MAN , must be able to assume the operation, maintenance, planning, deployment and integration of technologies, among other tasks, whether with facilities based on cable or wireless connection, in private networks or the Internet. All this with the purpose of providing data or voice services for a large number of applications of varied complexity;

* supervise, manage and participate in developing and provision of telecommunication systems and equipment, or provide technical assistance if said tasks are carried out by another person;

* Since the formal study of telematics prepares professionals capable of embarking on large-scale jobs, some telecommunication projects can focus on housing, urbanizations or industrial estates, both in the development and in the deployment and implementation of large networks;

* Design and audit networks. Auditing a network means taking a series of pre-established measures to analyze, study and gather information about it, in order to determine its status to know if it complies with the requirements of an organization;

* design, analyze and implement security tools and systems, either for data storage or for transmission, and also for access to systems and networks;

* design applications that focus on telematic commerce and administration.

These professionals must have certain fundamental computer skills , such as the principles of an operating system and the architecture of a computer or server, as they are necessary for most of its tasks. Similarly, they must master the design, implementation, maintenance of databases , keep in mind the characteristics of each layer of the TCP / IP protocol stack, and be able to program information access devices in a Windows and Unix environment. Despite the breadth of these careers, a clear orientation to communications stands out.

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