The words they are those elements of an expression that have a certain functionality and that can be recognized from accentuation and pauses. The combination of different words allows you to create prayers .
Among the various processes that enable the creation of a word, is the derivation . Said mechanism consists in adding a affix to a concept to create a new word that maintains some kind of semantic link with the original term.
What is a affix? It is a grammatical sequence that can be placed before (prefix ), in the middle (infix ) or at the end (suffix ) of a word to alter its meaning . The derived words , therefore, are those that arise by derivation , by including an affix in the structure of a term qualified as primitive .
Name primitive indicates that the finished in question it does not come from another, but it is the first of its family. If we take the floor "Salt"For example, we can find the following derived words: "To Salt", "salty", "Salitral" and "salting", which are seen in sentences such as “Don't forget to salt the meat”, “The chicken is very salty”, “My father grew up next to the salitral” or “I like to eat salted anchovies”.
Other derived words they can arise from primitive concepts like "flower": "flower vase", "florist", "floral", "flora", "flowery" and many more. These derived words are used in expressions as "Be careful with Grandma's vase!", “The florist offered me a bouquet of roses at fifty pesos”, "At her wedding, Lucia decorated the main table with a floral arrangement", “The flora of this place is lush” or "The designer anticipated that flowery dresses will be fashionable again".
Let's see below the most used prefixes to transform certain terms into derived words, along with some examples that help to understand the daily life of these phenomenon :
* to- : lack of, denial (aphonic, atheist);
* anti : opposite, opposition (antichrist, antiaircraft);
* bi- : two, double the primitive word in quantity (bipartite, bilingual);
* with)- : company, union (live together, co-producer);
* en-, em- : on, within (bottle up, paper, to fit in, coated);
* monkey- : one, only (monochromatic, monosyllable);
* pluri- : various (multilingual, moonlighting);
* poly : many, abundance of something (polymorphous, polyphase);
* pre- : previously (predict, premonition);
* sub- : below, under, inferiority, decrease, secondary action (underwater, subsoil, sublet, subdelegate);
* super- : above, preeminence, excellence, in the highest degree, excess (superstructure, superintendent, superfine, overproduction);
* tra (n) s- : through, on the other side (transatlantic, overlap, transfer);
* uni- : one (unicellular, unipersonal);
* vice- : instead of (vice president, Vice Chancellor).
In the case of suffixes, some convert the primitive words into nouns and others, in adjectives. Let's look at the main ones of the first group:
* -ada : hit, content (stone, cartload);
* -finance : quality (arrogance, constancy);
* -anza : result of an action (slaughter, move);
* -dad : quality of (goodness, puntuality);
* -hard : result of an action (bite, zest);
* -ero : who performs an action (baker, Street sweeper);
* -eza : indicates a quality (clumsiness, greatness);
* -ismo : system, doctrine (machismo, Christianity);
* -ization : action and its result (organization, realization);
* -or : serves to form masculine abstract nouns (hot, love);
* -ura : quality (whiteness, freshness).
Finally, let's see a list of the suffixes that give derived words belonging to the category of adjectives :
* -able, -ible : who can, who is capable of (nice, recognizable);
* -áceo : that approaches or resembles (grayish, alliaceous);
* -ado, -al, -ario, -dero, -iento, -ivo, -izo, -oso : with quality of (winged, complexed, brutal, original, businessman, original, long lasting, perishable, grimy, hungry, Thoughtful, persuasive, reddish, shifting, slippery, wooded);
* -udo : with exaggerated quality from (carrilludo, bearded);
* -light, -us : which tends to (greenish, blackish).