Paranoia It is a term that comes from the Greek and refers to a mental disturbance set in a idea .
Specifically, we can establish that this word is the result of the sum of two clearly defined Greek words. On the one hand, it would be the prefix for-, which can be translated as “outside”, and on the other hand we find the term nous, which acts as a synonym for mind.
The concept is used in psychiatry to name the state of mental health that is characterized by the existence of self-referential delusions .
Paranoia can be constituted as a chronic disorder , with oscillating levels of intensity. The egotistical, narcissistic and low self-esteem subjects are the main affected by this disorder .
Among the most characteristic features that identify those who suffer from paranoia we find low self-esteem, emotional coldness, inability to self-criticism, hostility with the environment, authoritarianism, depressive episodes, resentment, self-centeredness and significant degree of distrust.
In addition to all of the above, we must not overlook the fact that paranoia is a gradual disease that is progressing very slowly. Therefore, you have to be aware of the symptoms to be able to treat it as soon as possible.
Feeling some kind of frustration, paranoids tend to appeal to the mechanism of projection; therefore, they attribute their tensions and fantasies to others. This type of thoughts does not accept reasons other than their own, but, due to its rigidity, is limited to interpreting signs that allow it to confirm its prejudices .
The persecutory mania It is one of the distressing sensations that affect the people with paranoia. These individuals feel they are persecuted and stalked by powerful or uncontrollable forces. That's why they tend to be defensive, look in all directions and feel insecure even in everyday situations.
He delusions of greatness It is also part of the paranoia. In this case, the subject believes he has been chosen to carry out a very important mission or even to save the world from some indefinite danger.
Other types of delusions common in paranoia are the erotomania (when the individual believes that another person, usually of a higher status, is in love with him), the jealousy without control (the belief that the couple is being unfaithful) and somatic delusions (the person feels he has some disease or physical defect that, in reality, is non-existent).
It is interesting that we know the existence of what is known as a paranoid personality disorder that is the one that people who at all times distrust and feel suspicious of others have. More common in men than in women is said mental health problem whose causes are unknown but in which it is known that they clearly influence environmental factors of different types to genes.
The feeling that they feel in danger and suffering a limited social life are two of the consequences suffered by citizens who suffer from this pathology that has among its most frequent symptoms the following: hostility, detachment, inability to work with other people , continuous thinking that they are used by others ...